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Civil-military relations in international disaster relief operations
--- Takashi Kawashima [May 2019]
This study outlines the significance and role of gcivil-military relations in international disaster relief operationsh with a focus on the ministry of defensefs and self-defense forcesf activities.
In the SDFfs international disaster relief activities in an affected nation, it is vital to identify the needs of the affected, coordinate with other actors and share the responsibility as a number of groups including local government agencies, international organizations, teams and forces of supporting nations as well as NGOs work together.
This study describes the main organizations, guidelines and coordination mechanisms related to the SDF in HA/DR operations on the ground, using the 2013 international disaster relief operations in the Philippines as a reference and is useful not only to uniformed personnel to be deployed but also to everyone in the relevant organizations.


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Gender Responsive United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (Japanese translation)
--- translated by Takashi Kawashima [May 2019]
This policy is designed to guide the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO, currently the Department of Peace Operations (DPO)) and the Department of Field Support (DFS, currently the Department of Operational Support (DOS)) on how to operationalize gender equality and the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) mandates, as guided by the eight Security Council Resolutions.
The policy outlines the vision, principles and strategies necessary to implement gender equality and WPS mandates, with the aim of ensuring accountability and leadership in peacekeeping operations at Headquarters, regional centers and missions.
The JPC obtained permission from the DPO and the DOS to post the Japanese translation of the policy here. Please refer to the United Nations website (https://peacekeeping.un.org/sites/default/files/english_gender_responsive_united_nations_peacekeeping_operations_policy_1.pdf) for the original text.
The use of this translation is permitted only for training and research purposes and when itfs clearly mentioned that it was translated by the Japan Peacekeeping Training Center, Joint Staff College, Ministry of Defense. For any other purpose, the use without permission is prohibited.


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Australian Defence Forcefs Approach for the Protection of Civilian (POC): Perspectives of Guidelines, Training and WPS---Takashi Kawashima [January 2018]
This is a summary of the research conducted by CDR Kawashima, our center researcher, including interviews with Australian Defence Force officials. He was the visiting fellow at the Australian Human rights Centre, the University of New South Wales, between 2014-2016.
Based on the study into the background of Australiafs pioneer involvement in POC, its strategic and field level approaches to implement POC and the challenges that it faced in developing such approaches, the paper offers one of the ways how military can engage the POC.
It explains the background of presentation of Ms. Amy Sheridan (Assistant Director of Civil-Military Policy and Stabilisation Section, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia) at the International Peace & Security Symposium 2016 " Challenges and Innovations in Contemporary PKO: Focusing on the Protection of Civilians (POC) "held by the Joint Staff College in December 2016, and Australian Guidelines for the Protection of Civilians.
It also explains the overall picture behind the contents of " Australian Guidelines for the Protection of Civilians " (Japanese version on the website of JPC)
In the latter section, it introduces the relevance to "Women, Peace, and Security (WPS)" and the effort of the ADF Peace Operations Training Centre (POTC). It contains many valuable perspectives from Director of the National Action Plan for Women, Peace and Security, Office of the Chief of the Defence Force, Department of Defence and Director of POTC, who was directly involved in "protection of civilians " in East Timor.

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Australian Guidelines for the Protection of Civilians (Japanese translation)
--- translated by Takashi Kawashima [November 2016]
The Guidelines are the first strategic overview of the Protection of Civilians (POC) elaborated by the Australian Civil-Military Centre (ACMC) in January 2016, serving as the principles for the Australian Government to implement training required for POC.
Based on the Guidelines the Australian Defence Force (ADF) and the Australian Federal Police (AFP) are to draw up their own tactical-level guidance to put the POC into practice.
The JPC obtained permission from the ACMC to post the Japanese translation of the POC Guidelines here. Please refer to the ACMC website (https://www.acmc.gov.au/major-themes/10-2/poc-guidelines/) for the original text. This translation is merely a part of the JPCfs research efforts on international peace cooperation activities, not representing any views of the Joint Staff, the Japan Ministry of Defense, or the Japan Self Defense Forces.


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A New Role for Armed Forces in a Non-permissive Environment
- On the Coordination between the Japan Self-Defense Forces' International Peace Cooperation Operations and the Official Development Assistance in Iraq --- Yoshiyuki Sakaemura [July 2013]

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A Perspective on Improvement of Accountability in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations --- Fumiyuki Kobashi [April 2013]

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The Fact sheet of Anti-piracy Activities off the Coast of Somalia and the Gulf of Aden --- Tetsuhisa Sakurai , Takashi Kawashima [March 2013]

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