|LTC Endo, practicing teaching||Group discussion|
|Opening Ceremony||Lecture by a research officer of JPC|
|Lecture by Dr. Uesugi, Professor, School of International Liberal Studies, Waseda University||Lecture by an instructor from abroad|
|Minister of Defense encouraged students||Minister of Defense exchanged courtesies with instructors|
|Opening Ceremony||Group Photo|
|Class||Rear Admiral (Retired) Ochiai, delivering his experience in the Persian Gulf|
|Lecture by Ms. Seya, Director General, Japan Center for Conflict Prevention||Lecture by Dr. Uesugi, Professor, School of International Liberal Studies, Waseda University|
|Graduation Ceremony||The Commandant of the JSC delivering a speech at the graduation ceremony|
|Lecture by Ms. Rumiko SEYA, Director General, Japan Center for Conflict Prevention||Lecture by Dr. Yuji UESUGI, Professor, School of International Liberal Studies, Waseda University|
|Col. Katsunobu ISHIBASHI, GSDF, describing his experiences in international peace cooperation activities||The Parliamentary Vice-Minister of Defense Kenji HARADA, observing a lecture|
|Lecture by the Executive Research Fellow, JPC||Class|
Exchange of Greetings
Colonel ORTICIO Jr.Receiving an Introduction of the JPC
Dr. Ken Nakabayashi, Executive Research Fellow, the Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC),
participated in the Civil-Military Cooperation (CIMIC) course held by the Nordic Defence Cooperation (NORDEFCO) group at the Danish Army Intelligence Center in Varde Barracks, Denmark between 5 and 12 October 2014.
The course provided a basic understanding of the definitions, objectives, components, principle tasks, and organization of the Civil-Military Cooperation (CIMIC). In addition, experienced instructors delivered lectures including “CIMIC Tactics, Techniques and Procedures”, “Cross Cultural Awareness and gender issues”, “World Food Program (WFP): Areas of Possible Cooperation with the Military”, “Role of International Organisations and Non-Governmental Organisations in international or peace support operations and CIMIC relations with civil organisations”, “CIMIC lessons learned from former and on-going operations” and “Negotiation Techniques”. All of these subjects are essential for personnel at the scene of action.
We must decide on the best methods to implement CIMIC in our international peacekeeping operations, including international disaster relief activities. We can no longer afford to debate whether the military and civilian organizations should cooperate with each other. The evidence is clear that CIMIC is essential to peacekeeping operations. “CIMIC across Multiple Organizations” and “Strengthening the Capacity of CIMIC” are items included on the agenda of the World Humanitarian Summit to be held in 2016, suggesting that CIMIC is a significant matter we must face in current peacekeeping operations.
The JPC will hereafter bring up “CIMIC” as a topic of discussion for the 2014 symposium in order to deepen our understanding of CIMIC in peacekeeping operations. We will build a seminar focused on “CIMIC” in order to disseminate this information as widely as possible. The knowledge and experience learned from the CIMIC course in Denmark will contribute to building this seminar and will promote our education efforts at the JPC.
Captain Hideki Hayashi, Chief of the Training and Research Office, Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC),
was a guest lecturer at the International Peace Support Training Center (IPSTC) in Kenya from the fifth to ninth of October, 2014.
Located in Nairobi, Kenya’s capital, the IPSTC was established in 2001 and has become the leading regional center among the eastern African countries, including Sudan, the South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Eritrea and Madagascar, to educate personnel who will be engaged in peacekeeping operations (PKO) or peace-building activities. Recognizing the importance of peace implementation for development, Japan is providing support for the PKO centers in African countries, including the IPSTC, in order to improve PKO capabilities and to help secure regional stability. This was the third time the JPC was invited to participate in the IPSTC’s training programs.
The theme of his lecture was “Maritime Operations and the Protection of Civilians. ” The course, “Protection of Civilians”, had twenty-seven students (including ten females) from the militaries, police forces and civilian organizations of ten countries including Kenya, Brazil, Burundi, the Comoros, Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, the South Sudan and Mali. His lecture focused on the United Nations (UN) Security Council resolution authorizing the on-going anti-piracy activities off the coast of Somalia, and the protection of civilians based on the UN standard materials. The lecture was particularly relevant for the students since both of these are currently critical issues confronting these countries and the UN mission in the region.
Brigadier General R. G. Kabage, Director of IPSC asked the JPC to provide lectures on JSDF lessons learned from our disaster relief operations as a part of their course on “Management of Disaster Relief Operations” which will open next year. The JPC will support the IPSC in various fields, from creating education curriculums to delivering lectures, whenever we receive an official request. The JPC will make an utmost effort to strengthen the cooperation among the PKO centers across the world.
The Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC) sent Lieutenant Colonel Hiroaki Takano, a JPC research officer,
to the ASEAN Defense Ministers Meeting (ADMM)-Plus Expert Working Group’s Peacekeeping Operations (PKO) Workshop held in Seoul, South Korea between 24 and 26 September 2014.
ADMM-Plus was established in October 2010 as a new framework for ASEAN defense ministers’ and eight non-ASEAN defense ministers, including Japan’s, to meet. ADMM-Plus encourages and promotes ministry-level strategic dialogue and strengthens defense cooperation among the member countries militaries. ADMM-Plus provides six expert workshops throughout a three-year cycle, including: 1) maritime security, 2) military medicine, 3) counter-terrorism, 4) peacekeeping operations (PKO), 5) landmine disposal, and 6) humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.
The main topics of the expert workshops in 2014 were as follows:
(1) Explanation and discussion of recent policies, including urgent issues facing the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO).
(2) Discussion of PKO related operations in alliance with the member countries.
(3) Policies to exchange and share information between member countries.
(4) Creating a database to share PKO information and materials among member countries.
There was an active exchange of the delegates’ opinions at the DPKO. To achieve the proposed steps and measures, there was a high level of expectation that the “Plus” countries, including Japan, will provide support in the form of financing.
The JPC will promote to the regional security environment by contributing education to PKO personnel in the Asia-Pacific region, deploying units to UN PKO, and tightening cooperation with other PKO centers in various countries in order to make a broad spectrum contribution.
The Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC), the Joint Staff College (JSC) held the 8th Basic Course in Tokyo between 29 September and 3 October 2014.
There were fifty participants in the course including nineteen Ground Self-Defense Force (GSDF) officers,
sixteen Maritime Self-Defense Forces (MSDF) officers, ten Air Self-Defense Force (ASDF) officers and 5 civilians including from Self-Defense Force (SDF) and a related ministry.
Based on a guiding principle of “the middle-term defense power improvement program in FY2014” to accept students at the JPC from outside SDF,
one civilian from Ministry of Foreign Affairs joined in the course and many persons concerned with other ministries and government offices attended lectures including “Gender” and “Protection of the Civilian.”
This was the second time that the JPC practiced integration of the students from outside SDF.
In July 2014, foreign military officers and persons concerned with other ministries and government attended the 3rd PKO Contingent Commanders’ Course.
Participation by a person related ministry besides JSDF officers in the Basic Course contributed to “strengthen relationships and mutual understanding between JSDF and other ministry” at an education level for PKO operations. On the final day of the course, the former Rear Admiral Taosa Ochiai, who commanded a Minesweeping troop in the Persian Gulf dispatched overseas to conduct the very first JSDF’s peacekeeping mission as “a visible international contribution” in 1991, described his own precious experience during the mission in the Persian Gulf. It deepened our understanding more about importance of international cooperation.
JPC, hereafter, will consider accepting students broadly and make utmost effort to educate people to serve to the public good.
Lectuture by the former RADM OCHIAI
On 10 September 2014, Senior Colonel Hoang Kim Phung, Director of the Vietnam Peacekeeping Center and three of his staff officers visited the Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC), Joint Staff College.
This was the second time that Vietnamese military officers visited the JPC; the first was during their participation in the United Nations Staff Officers' Course (UNSOC) held at the JPC in March 2013, just two months before the Vietnam Peace Keeping Center was established in May.
Unlike PKO centers in other countries, the mission of the Vietnam Peace Keeping Center covers various topics, including the selection of which unit to deploy, equipment procurement, personnel affairs, supply procedures, methods to establish a leased line from the center to a dispatched unit, the United Nations memorandum of understanding on cooperation, and the agreement on status of forces.
As a counterpart of the JPC in the education/training field, the Vietnam Peace-Keeping Center is in the same stage of development which the JPC was in throughout 2010 and the first half of 2011. At this stage they are developing the overseas peacekeeping operations (PKO) training curriculum and are studying operations for each training course.
The JPC introduced the visiting delegation to the success in curriculum construction the JPC was able to achieve, including the essential elements of the curriculum and the critical points the organization faced. Colonel Hoang Kim Phung and his staff officers asked many questions and it was a very productive meeting.
Though Vietnam deployed several staff officers to the South Sudan this year, they have had little experience in United Nations (UN) PKO, and therefore depend on support from other countries to provide the education and training of their staff officers, engineers and medical personnel if they should be required to deploy to PKO. The JPC sincerely hopes our support and friendly cooperation with the Vietnam Peacekeeping Center will contribute toward the strengthening of the relationship between Vietnam and Japan, thereby improving the security environments of our two countries.
The Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC) held the “United Nations Peacekeeping Operations Contingent Commanders’ Course (PKOCCC) 2014” in Tokyo from June 30th to July 18th, 2014. This was the first class that accepted students from other Japanese ministries and from foreign militaries. These students came from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Cabinet Office, the German Navy and Thai Army. The officers of the Japan Self Defense Force and the students from other agencies and nations, speaking in different languages and from different cultural backgrounds, engaged in very lively discussions throughout the course. The JPC will prepare future training courses which will integrate students from outside the Japan Self Defense force even better.
Colonel Fumiyuki Kobashi, Director of the Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC), participated in the annual meeting of the International Association of Peacekeeping Training Center (IAPTC) in Sentul, Indonesia, 22-26 June 2014. Under the theme of “Toward a Global Training Architecture,” participants engaged in a lively discussion about the current status of the training programs necessary to conduct peacekeeping missions and the challenges they face. In the “Ideas Bazaar,” Colonel Kobashi introduced the activities of the JPC to the other participants.
Lieutenant Colonel Hiroaki Takano, a Research Officer in the Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC), participated in the United Nations Training of Trainers (TOT) in Beijing, China, 16-27 June 2014. In the course, 33 participants from PKO centers all over the world learned training methods and conducted a staff officer exercise using UN standard materials. Participation in the course is helpful for the JPC’s future training courses, which are scheduled to be open to foreign military personnel.
Colonel Fumiyuki Kobashi, Director of Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC), attended the 5th annual meeting of the Association of Asia-Pacific Peace Operations Training Centers (AAPTC) in Nepal between 1 April 2014 and 4 April 2014.
AAPTC consists of the training and research institutions for peacekeeping and peace-building operations in the Asia-Pacific region, and has 17 member states including Japan.
In the annual meeting, participants discussed how to promote exchange of instructors and students and train experts on protection of civilians in the region.
The next AAPTC annual meeting is schedulued to be held in New Zealand in May 2015.
Captain (Navy) Hideki Hayashi, Chief, Training and Research Office, the Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC), was sent to the International Peace Support Training Centre (IPSTC), Kenya, to give lectures 5-10 October 2013.
Major General Obed Boamah Akwa, Commandant of the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre (KAIPTC), Ghana, visited the Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC) on 27 September 2013. Major General Akwa paid a courtesy visit to Vice Admiral Toshiyuki Ito, Commandant of the Joint Staff College. After the courtesy visit, a research officer of JPC briefed about the JPC’s training and research activities and a KAIPTC staff member briefed about the structure of KAIPTC, particularly about the curriculum of conflict prevention. Following the briefing, Major General Akwa engaged in lively discussion with Colonel Fumiyuki Kobashi, Director of JPC, and other research officers about the current issues at both Centers. The discussion was very meaningful and interesting, and facilitated a closer relationship between Ghana and Japan.
The fourth monthly workshop between the Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC) and the Cabinet Office’s International Peace Cooperation Headquarters (IPCH) was held at IPCH on 10 September 2013. Major Osamu Saito, a JPC Research Officer, gave a presentation based on the GPOI CAPSTONE Exercise 2013, and Ms. Seiko Toyama, a Program Advisor of IPCH, gave a presentation on educational support in the peacekeeping/peace-building phases. After each presentation, participants from both sides engaged in lively discussion.
Colonel Fumiyuki Kobashi, Director of the Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC), and three other JPC research officers participated in the United Nations Induction Program for Military and Police Advisers at the U.N. Headquarters, New York, 25-31 August 2013. During the program, Col. Kobashi and the JPC research officers also visited the U.N. Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO), the Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), and the U.S. Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI) in Pennsylvania and discussed the courses, symposiums, and workshops conducted by JPC.
Lieutenant General Abhijit Guha,Military Adviser,
Mr.Michael Marx,Senior Advisor,and Colonel Kobashi
Colonel Fumiyuki Kobashi, Director of Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC), was awarded the First-Class Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany by Dr. Volker Stanzel, the German Ambassador to Japan, at the residence of the Ambassador on 13 August 2013. Colonel Kobashi served as a defense attaché at the Japanese Embassy in Berlin, Germany in 2009-2012.
The third monthly workshop between the Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC) and the International Peace Cooperation Headquarters (IPCH), Cabinet Office was held at JPC on 5 August 2013. Ms. Tomoko Matsuzawa, a Program Advisor of IPCH, and Commander Masanori Amemiya, a Research Officer of JPC, gave presentations based on their respective research trips to the Republic of Uganda. Their presentations described the theme of “Protection of Civilians” at the strategic, operational and tactical levels, which is an immediate issue in the United Nations peacekeeping operations. After each presentation, participants from both sides engaged in lively discussion.
Mr. João A. C. Vargas, the second secretary of the Brazilian Embassy in Japan, and Captain (Navy) Costa Moura, a Brazilian military attaché in Japan, visited Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC) on 29 July 2013. In the courtesy visit to Colonel Fumiyuki Kobashi, Director of JPC, Mr. Vargas described the lessons learned in the peacekeeping operations (PKO) at the United Nations, the United Nations policy of Brazil, and the structure of the PKO center of Brazil. Mr. Vargas and Captain Moura also engaged in lively discussion with JPC researchers following the courtesy visit.
Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC) held the “United Nations Peacekeeping Operations Contingent Commanders’ Course (PKOCCC) 2013” in Tokyo, 1-19 July 2013. On 2 July, the second day of the course, Mr. Yasushi Akashi, former U.N. Under-Secretary-General, gave a special lecture based on his experiences at the U.N.
Colonel Fumiyuki Kobashi, Director, Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC) attended the annual meeting of the Association of Asia-Pacific Peace Operations Training Centers (AAPTC) in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia between 1 July 2013 and 5 July 2013. AAPTC consists of the training and research institutions for peacekeeping and peace-building operations in the Asia-Pacific region. In the annual meeting, participants discussed how to cooperate mutually and train the human resources in the region.
The second workshop between the Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC) and the International Peace Cooperation Headquarters (IPCH), Cabinet Office was held at IPCH, Tokyo on 20 June 2013. From the JPC-side, Captain Hideki Hayashi, Chief, Training and Research Office, gave a presentation based on his research trip to South Africa, and from the IPCH-side, Ms. Izumi Wakugawa, a Program Advisor, gave a presentation based on her research trip to Norway. After each presentation, participants from both sides engaged in lively discussion.
Dr. Heng Yee Kuang, Associate Professor from National University of Singapore, visited Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC) on 19 June 2013. At first, Dr. Heng paid a courtesy visit to Colonel Fumiyuki Kobashi, Director of JPC and they discussed the roles of Japan and Singapore in the Asia-Pacific area, the future relationship between the two countries, and developing country capacity-building support by Japan. After that, a JPC research officer briefed “Training and Research conducted by JPC and JPC’s Future Plans,” and Dr. Heng briefed “PKO and Policies on the Capacity-Building Support by Singapore and Japan.” These briefings were very meaningful and interesting for both Dr. Heng and JPC personnel, who engaged in lively discussion.
* Dr. Heng’s specialty is PKO and the soft power of Singapore and Japan.
Mr. William Baang, Disarmament Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) Officer, United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS), visited Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC) on 6 June 2013. After receiving a briefing about the JPC mission, Mr. Baang described the latest activity of UNMISS. Mr. Baang, who has ever 10 years of experience in the DDR field in such places as Afghanistan, Iraq and the Republic of Sudan, also engaged in lively discussion with JPC researchers following his briefing.
Japan Peacekeeping Training and Research Center (JPC) held a workshop with the International Peace Cooperation Headquarters (IPCH), Cabinet Office at the Joint Staff College, Tokyo, on 20 May 2013. From IPCH, Mr. Kenichi Takahashi, Deputy Director General of Secretariat of IPCH and eleven Program Advisors participated in the workshop. Colonel Fumiyuki Kobashi, Director of JPC, said “JPC would also like to hold workshops with other domestic/overseas institutes in the near future and actively release research documents.”
Commander Masanori Amemiya, Research Officer of JPC, was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal by U.S. Navy.
Japan Peacekeeping Training & Research Center
2-2-1 Nakameguro, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-0061