JDF JapanDefenseFocus No.73

ACTIVITIES

First Drop Drill 2016 of the GSDF 1st Airborne Brigade

First Drop Drill 2016 of the GSDF 1st Airborne Brigade

On January 10th, the GSDF 1st Airborne Brigade, the only paratroop unit in Japan, conducted its first drop drill of the year at Narashino Training Ground in Chiba Prefecture.

This training was based on the assumption of “defense of remote islands.” The drill this year attracted a large audience of approx. 18,000 people along with MOD/SDF officials including Defense Minister Nakatani and citizens. During the drill, the SDF personnel parachuted one after another and got closer to an enemy’s position, demonstrating an attack to gain control of the enemy’s position by using mock artillery on the ground and from helicopters for one hour and half.

In 1969, the 1st Airborne Brigade commenced this annual new year event as an event only for MOD/SDF officials, wishing for the safety of the drop training throughout the year. This annual event has been open to the public since 1974.

First Drop Drill 2016 of the GSDF 1st Airborne Brigade
First Drop Drill 2016 of the GSDF 1st Airborne Brigade
First Drop Drill 2016 of the GSDF 1st Airborne Brigade
First Drop Drill 2016 of the GSDF 1st Airborne Brigade
First Drop Drill 2016 of the GSDF 1st Airborne Brigade

International Peace & Security Symposium 2015

International Peace & Security Symposium 2015

On November 20th, the Japan Peacekeeping Training & Research Center (JPC), Joint Staff College, hosted International Peace & Security Symposium 2015 in Tokyo, with more than 150 attendees from inside and outside the MOD.

This year’s theme was “UN Peacekeeping Operations for Sustainable Peace.” Ms. Renata Dwan, Head, Peace Operations Team, Executive Office of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, was invited to deliver the keynote speech. The panel discussion featured Dr. Toshiya Hoshino, Vice President for Global Engagement, Osaka University, as moderator and Mr. Jeremie Bodin, General Director of Medecins Sans Frontieres Japan, Dr. Hideaki Shinoda, Professor, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies and Ms. Ikuko Natori, Director, Overseas & Domestic Programs/Operations, Association for Aid and Relief, Japan , as panelists.

This symposium focused on United Nations Security Council Resolution 2086 (adopted in 2013) which points out the necessity of close coordination between peace-building and peacekeeping operation at an early stage of conflicts. While keeping in mind the latest information from reports such as the 2015 High-Level Independent Panel on UN Peace Operations issued by the United Nations last June, discussions were held on the need for reform and issues directly facing UN peacekeeping operations.

During the keynote speech, Ms. Renata Dwan presented several issues in which she expected each member state of United Nations to exhibit leadership with regard to follow-up work on the report from the High-Level Independent Panel. For one of these, she pointed out the need for peacekeeping organizations to use civilian-led peace-building at an early stage of post conflict as part of the peace-building effort.

During the panel discussion after the keynote speech, it was noted that greater efforts are needed for peacekeeping organizations to work together with related institutions given the growing complexity of conflicts. Discussions also pointed out the necessity of changing people’s mindsets to achieve greater collaboration and the importance that necessary research, studies and training should be carried out together.

Through this symposium, the JPC received a high level of expectation placed on JPC's activities from here on after, including providing training and promoting civil-military coordination not only for peacekeeping but also for peace-building.

The JPC openly accepts such expectation from inside and outside Japan, and is committed to further improving its education and research activities.

International Peace & Security Symposium 2015
International Peace & Security Symposium 2015

The 7th ADMM Plus HA/DR Experts' Working Group Meeting

The 7th ADMM Plus HA/DR Experts' Working Group Meeting

The 7th Meeting of Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Experts’ Working Group (HA/DR EWG) under the framework of ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting Plus (ADMM-Plus) and a related seminar were held in Tokyo on December 9th and 10th in 2015. Japan serves as a co-chair for the HA/DR EWG with Lao PDRs from 2014. This 7th Meeting marks the 4th times in which Japan has co-chaired the Meeting.

The Meeting was attended by ASEAN member states and ADMM-Plus countries including Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, Russia, and the U.S. as well as representatives from ASEAN Secretariat and UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

During the seminar on the December 9th, participants discussed collection of lessons learned regarding disaster relief. At the plenary meeting on the December 10th, they had discussions on the standard operating procedure (SOP) in order for assisting foreign forces to effectively conduct their disaster relief activities.

Measures against Piracy off the Coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden through the Third Quarter of FY 2015

Measures against Piracy off the Coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden through the Third Quarter of FY 2015

Following data shows the records of the measures against piracy off the coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden from October through December, 2015.

Aerial Activities of P-3C Patrol Aircraft off the Coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden

Record of Mission (October through December, 2015)

1. Number of flights: 60 flights (Accumulated Total(AT): 1,475 flights)
2. Flight hours: Approx. 450 hours (AT: Approx. 11,360 hours)
3. Number of visually confirmed commercial ships: Approx. 5,400 ships (AT: Approx. 122,500 ships)
4. Number of times of information sharing to Japanese destroyers, foreign warships, and/or commercial ships: Approx. 290 times (AT: Approx. 11,580 times)

Escort Operations Performed by MSDF Units in the Same Area

Record of Mission (October through December , 2015)

1. Number of escort operations: 17 times (The 640th – 656th escort operation under Japan’s Anti-Piracy Measures Law)
2. Number of escorted vessels: 31 vessels (AT 3,640 of escorted vessels since the start of operations under Japan’s Anti-Piracy Measures Law)
[Breakdown]
Japanese-registered ships: 0 (AT: 17 )
Foreign ships operated by Japanese shipping companies: 4 (AT: 658)
Foreign ships other than above: 27 (AT: 2,965)
*The above record does not include the 1st - 41st escort operation performed as Maritime Security Activities.

Zone Defense performed in the same area

Record of Mission (October through December, 2015)

1. Number of days: 79 (AT: 588 days)
2. Number of commercial vessels confirmed: Approx. 490 (AT: 12,690 vessels)

Status of Scrambles through the Third Quarter of FY2015

Status of Scrambles through the Third Quarter of FY2015

The ASDF scrambled 567 times during the third quarter of FY2015. It marked a decrease of 177 times compared to the same period of previous year. The breakdown of scrambles by countries and regions was about 66% against Chinese aircraft, about 32% against Russian aircraft, and about 2% against other aircraft although the countries and regions include supposition.

Characteristics of Responses through the Third Quarter of FY2015

The ASDF scrambled 373 times against Chinese aircraft in total, the equivalent level as the same period of previous year. Also, during the third quarter, the MOD publicized 5 cases of long-distance flights covering from the East China Sea to the Pacific Ocean as a peculiar flight.

The ASDF scrambled 183 times against Russian aircraft in total, a decrease of 186 times compared to the same period of previous year. Additionally, during the third quarter, the MOD publicized 3 cases including a long-distance flight, which flew around Japan by a bomber, as a peculiar flight. Scrambles against Chinese and Russian fighter aircraft were outstanding in frequency, compared to other types of aircraft of each country, although this includes estimation. The period of this data is from April 1st, 2015, to December 31st, 2015.

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