JDF JapanDefenseFocus No.67

ACTIVITIES

Peacekeeping Operations Contingent Commanders’ Course

Peacekeeping Operations Contingent Commanders’ Course

The Peacekeeping Operations Contingent Commanders’ Course (PKOCCC) was held at the Japan Peacekeeping Training & Research Center (JPC) from July 6th to 17th, 2015. This course, marking the fourth time, is aimed at providing necessary knowledge and skills for contingent commanders who will be dispatched for peacekeeping operations. A total of 11 SDF officers and MOD official participated in the course.

Peacekeeping Operations Contingent Commanders’ Course

On June 16th, 2015, the new report was released by the High-Level Independent Panel on United Nations Peace Operations at New York Headquarters. This report follows the revolutionary Brahimi Report, released 15 years ago. The new report examines the challenges of peace operations and provides recommendations to the challenges. The Brahimi Report categorized UN peace operations as “conflict prevention and peacemaking,” “peacekeeping,” and “peace-building,” and emphasized the need for reform in each of areas. The new report discussed the importance of political solutions, more flexible use of peace operations to respond to changing needs, more powerful partnerships, and field-focused and people-centered peace operations.

This course covered the latest challenges and initiatives outlined in this report and the 11 students were able to acquire the knowledge and skills to fulfill their future missions as contingent commanders for UN peacekeeping operations. At the same time, participants recognized it important to accomplish our mission taking into account the field situation with one goal in mind: the well-being of civilians on the ground.

Colonel Kazuo Kojima, who participated in the course, stated the following: “Even if I have participated in UNDOF mission, which is categorized as traditional PKO, I could understand multi-dimensional PKO’s challenges and gain UN standard knowledge like protection of civilians from instructors from abroad with abundant field experience. I would like to make good use of this experience in my future work.”

Peacekeeping Operations Contingent Commanders’ Course

MG (Ret) Patrick Cammaert, Senior Mentor of the course noted, “At the time that the security bills have passed the House of Representatives, PKOCCC was held and this is meaningful. I hope Japanese personnel will play more important role in PKO mission answering the international request since their contribution can make a difference.”

JPC will continuously strive to contribute to develop the human resources at home and abroad who are expected to work in various international activities for maintaining peace and security, including the UN PKOs where missions are set to become more integrated in the future.

Peacekeeping Operations Contingent Commanders’ Course
Peacekeeping Operations Contingent Commanders’ Course

FY2015 Minesweeping Training

FY2015 Minesweeping Training

The MSDF conducted the minesweeping training by using actual mines around Iwo-to island from June 19th to 28th. This training provides opportunity for the MSDF to maintain and enhance capability of anti-mine warfare. At the same time, by increasing numbers of personnel having actual minesweeping experience, the MSDF aims at fostering personnel who are able to respond to actual mission. Seven vessels and one aircraft took part in this training. The minesweeping training by using actual mines has been conducted since 1972, with this year marking the 43rd time.

FY2015 Minesweeping Training

Admiral Kawano, Chief of Staff of Joint Staff, Visited the United States

Admiral Kawano, Chief of Staff of Joint Staff, Visited the United States

Admiral Katsutoshi Kawano, Chief of Staff of the Japan Joint Staff, met with General Martin Dempsey, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in Washington, D.C., on July 16th to discuss the Asia-Pacific security environment and exchanged views on ways to improve the Japan-U.S. Alliance. With invitation by General Dempsey, Admiral Kawano had been visiting the United States from July 12th to 18th.

Both reaffirmed the positive contribution that the Alliance has had on the economic prosperity, as well as the peace and stability of both the United States and Japan, and the Asia-Pacific region as whole over the past seventy years since the end of World War II. They also shared recognition of the need to continue to expand Alliance cooperation into the future.

General Dempsey and Admiral Kawano also discussed the Guidelines for U.S.-Japan Defense Cooperation, released on 27th April 2015, and of the importance of swiftly implementing them in order to enhance the Alliance’s deterrence and its ability to respond to crises.

They also agreed to further strengthen the bond between the U.S. military and the SDF and work with other partners in the region to address common security challenges.

Admiral Kawano, Chief of Staff of Joint Staff, Visited the United States

Photo by Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S.

FY2015 SDF Joint Exercise for Rescue

FY2015 SDF Joint Exercise for Rescue

From June 29th to July 3rd, FY2015 Joint Exercise for Rescue was conducted at Ichigaya (MOD), GSDF Camp Asaka (Saitama prefecture), and other locations including that of participating units. Approx. 7,000 officers and officials from Internal Bureau, Joint Staff, Defense Intelligence Headquarters, each service of the SDF, and other related organizations participated in the exercise.

The purpose of this year’s exercise was to maintain and enhance the SDF’s disaster response capabilities in the event of an earthquake occurring directly beneath the Tokyo Metropolitan Area through command post and field training exercises based on the SDF Plan for Tokyo Metropolitan Epicentral Earthquake.

FY2015 SDF Joint Exercise for Rescue

Measures against Piracy off the Coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden through the First Quarter of FY2015

Following data shows the records of the measures against piracy off the coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden from April through June, 2015.

Aerial Activities of P-3C Patrol Aircraft off the Coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden

Record of Mission (April through June, 2015)

1.Number of flights: 53 flights (Accumulated Total(AT): 1,355 flights)

2.Flight hours: Approx. 400 hours (AT: Approx. 10,440 hours)

3.Number of visually confirmed commercial ships: Approx. 4,900 ships (AT: Approx. 111,600 ships)

4.Number of times of information sharing to Japanese destroyers, foreign warships, and/or commercial ships: Approx. 340 times (AT: Approx. 10,950 times)

Escort Operations Performed by MSDF Units in the Same Area

Record of Mission (April through June, 2015)

1.Number of escort operations: 22 times (The 600th – 621st escort operation under Japan’s Anti-Piracy Measures Law)

2.Number of escorted vessels: 42 vessels (AT 3,577 of escorted vessels since the start of operations under Japan’s Anti-Piracy Measures Law)

[Breakdown]
Japanese-registered ships: 1 (AT: 17 )
Foreign ships operated by Japanese shipping companies: 7(AT: 650)
Foreign ships other than above: 34 (AT: 2,910)
*The above record does not include the 1st - 41st escort operation performed as Maritime Security Activities.

Zone Defense Performed in the Same Area

Record of Mission (April through June, 2015)

1.Number of days: 77 (AT: 435 days)

2.Number of commercial vessels confirmed: Approx. 1,370 (AT: 11,620 vessels)

Measures against Piracy off the Coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden through the First Quarter of FY2015
Measures against Piracy off the Coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden through the First Quarter of FY2015

Status of Scrambles through the First Quarter of FY2015

Status of Scrambles through the First Quarter of FY2015

The ASDF scrambled 173 times during the first quarter of FY2015. It marked a significant decrease of 167 times compared to the same period of previous year.

The breakdown of scrambles by countries and regions was about 33% against Russian aircraft, about 66% against Chinese aircraft, and about 1% against other aircraft although the countries and regions include supposition.

Characteristics of Responses through the First Quarter of FY2015

The ASDF scrambled 57 times against Russian aircraft in total, a significant decrease of 178 times compared to the same period of previous year.

The ASDF scrambled 114 times against Chinese aircraft in total, an increase of 10 times compared to the same period of previous year.

There was no case of airspace violation that should be made public during this period. Scrambles against Russian surveillance aircraft and Chinese fighter aircraft were outstanding in frequency, compared to other types of aircraft of each country, although this includes estimation.

The period of this data is from April 1st, 2015 to June 30th, 2015.

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