JDF JapanDefenseFocus No.64

ACTIVITIES

Participation in the Special Female Military Officers Course

Participation in the Special Female Military Officers Course

Two SDF personnel participated in the first-ever Special Female Military Officers Course held at the Centre for United Nations Peacekeeping (CUNPK) in India from March 19th to April 1st, 2015.

The course is aimed at equipping female military officers with the knowledge and tools needed to enable them to meaningfully implement UN policies and guidance, and to support mission activities related to protecting women, children and civilians from all violence to include conflict-related sexual violence.

A total of 32 female officers (Brigadier general to captain) from 24 countries including Japan participated in the course. Most participants are already nominated to be deployed for UN peacekeeping operations and many were responsible for expanding the dispatch of female officers on peacekeeping missions in each country.

Captain (MSDF) Hideki Hayashi from Japan Peacekeeping Training & Research Center who participated as an official evaluator screening the curriculum of this course noted: “There are currently only 79 female military observers out of the some 100,000 personnel deployed on UN peacekeeping operations. On the other hand, there is a great need for increase the number of female personnel especially in host countries in view of that female military officers have a comparative advantage in interacting with survivors of gender-based violence. While each country is working to expand the number of female personnel participation, I have reaffirmed demands from the international community for Japan to send female military observers. I felt like the SDF needs to understand gender issues correctly in international peacekeeping operations and reflect this in the SDF activities. For this reason, it will be critical for the SDF to provide gender training opportunities and create a structure to utilize this knowledge into actual missions.” Lieutenant Colonel Chizu Kurita, who participated in the course and also worked as an advisor to NATO Special Representative for Women, Peace and Security in the Secretary General’s office, stated the following: “Participation in this course is helpful not only as pre-deployment training for the female officers planning to be dispatched on PKO, but also for building human networks between female military officers. Female SDF personnel should continue to take part in this course in order to learn the international initiatives regard to gender issues and the protection of civilians.”

The following course is scheduled to take place in South Africa this summer.

Participation in the Special Female Military Officers Course
Participation in the Special Female Military Officers Course

Measures against Piracy off the Coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden through the Fourth Quarter of FY2014

Following data shows the records of the measures against piracy off the coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden from January through March, 2015.

Aerial Activities of P-3C Patrol Aircraft off the Coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden

Record of Mission (January through March, 2015)

  1. Number of flights: 54 flights (Accumulated Total (AT): 1,302 flights)
  2. Flight hours: Approx. 400 hours (AT: Approx. 10,040 hours)
  3. Number of visually confirmed commercial ships: Approx. 4,500 ships (AT: Approx. 106,700 ships)
  4. Number of times of information sharing to Japanese destroyers, foreign warships, and/or commercial ships: Approx. 310 times (AT: Approx. 10,610 times)

Escort Operations Performed by MSDF Units in the Same Area

Record of Mission (January through March, 2015)

  1. Number of escort operations: 21 times (The 579th - 599th escort operation under Japan’s Anti-Piracy Measures Law)
  2. Number of escorted vessels: 42 vessels (AT: 3,535 of escorted vessels since the start of operations under Japan’s Anti-Piracy Measures Law)

[Breakdown]

  • Japanese-registered ships: 1 (AT: 16)
  • Foreign ships operated by Japanese shipping companies: 1 (AT: 643)
  • Foreign ships other than above: 40 (AT: 2,876)

*The above record does not include the 1st - 41st escort operation performed as Maritime Security Activities.

Zone Defense Performed in the Same Area

Record of Mission (January through March, 2015)

  1. Number of days: 78 (AT: 358 days)
  2. Number of commercial vessels confirmed: Approx. 2,270 (AT: 10,250 vessels)
Measures against Piracy off the Coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden through the Fourth Quarter of FY2014

Status of Scrambles in FY2014

Status of Scrambles in FY2014

In total, the ASDF scrambled 943 times in FY2014, which marked a major increase of 133 times compared to the previous year. It is the 2nd largest number since the ASDF started taking anti-intrusion measures in 1958.

The breakdown by countries and regions was 50% against Russian aircraft, 49% against Chinese aircraft, and 1% against other aircraft, although countries and region also includes supposition.

Characteristics of Responses in FY2014

The ASDF scrambled against Russian aircraft 473 times in FY2014, an increase of 114 times compared to the previous year. In FY2014, 36 cases of scrambles, including 5 during the fourth quarter, were made public as remarkable cases.

The ASDF scrambled against Chinese aircraft 464 times in FY2014, an increase of 49 times compared to the previous year. In FY2014, 15 cases of scrambles, including 2 during the fourth quarter, were made public as remarkable cases.

There was no case of airspace violation that should be made public.

Scrambles against Russian intelligence gathering aircraft and Chinese fighter aircraft were outstanding in frequency compared to other types of aircraft of each country, although this includes estimation.

The period of this data is from April 1st, 2014, to March 31st, 2015.

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