Japan Ministry of Defense


 
Defense Minister Kitazawa issuing "The Centerpiece of Deliberation "—Minister’ s directives on the reform of the Ministry of Defense
No.19 NOVEMBER 2010

Defense Minister Kitazawa issuing "The Centerpiece of Deliberation "—Minister’ s directives on the reform of the Ministry of Defense

Pacific Partnership 2010 concluded

Local people gathering for medical consultations
Local people gathering for medical consultations

On July 15, the MSDF transport vessel “Kunisaki” , having taken part in “Pacific Partnership 2010 (PP10)” hosted by the U.S. Pacific Command, returned to Kure port, and the mission of the two-month PP10 was brought to completion.

Started in 2007, the Pacific Partnership is an activity in which vessels, primarily consisting of U.S. Navy vessels, visit countries in the Asia-Pacific region and carry out activities such as medical services and cultural exchanges. Its objectives include to facilitate collaboration among the participating nations and to achieve smoother international disaster relief activities, through cooperation among the governments, militaries, international organizations and NGOs and so on.

Since 2007, Japan has dispatched several medical officers from the MSDF to carry out investigation and research. This year, Japan participated with the MSDF transport vessel
Medical services being provided by medical officers in the GSDF’s surgical vehicle
Medical services being provided by medical officers in the GSDF’s surgical vehicle
“Kunisaki” (approximately 160 personnel) and medical teams (approx. 40 personnel) from the Ground, Maritime and Air Self-Defense Forces. In close cooperation with private organizations such as NGOs (22 persons), they provided medical services (internal medicine and dentistry, etc…) for approximately 1,700 people in Vietnam and approximately 2,700 people in Cambodia. They also conducted cultural exchange activities at local schools, such as Kendo, Taketombo (a T-shaped bamboo toy to fly), Origami and Japanese language classes. In addition to these activities, they offered transportation services for people and materials.

Dispatch of Instructor to Egypt PKO Center

Colonel Ishibashi conducting a lecture in the Peacekeeping School (Ecde de Maintien de la Paix)in the Republic of Mali
Colonel Ishibashi conducting a lecture in the Peacekeeping School (Ecde de Maintien de la Paix)in the Republic of Mali

From August 14 to 30, the Ministry of Defense dispatched Colonel Katsunobu Ishibashi, the officer of the Ground Self-Defense Force, as a instructor to the Peacekeeping School (Ecde de Maintien de la Paix) in the Republic of Mali.

Colonel Ishibashi had previously been involved in international peace cooperation activities in Cambodia and Nepal, and International Relief Team to Haiti. In recent years, African countries have made efforts to solve various problems on their own strength. This dispatch is not only to widen the efforts for international peace cooperation of the Ministry of Defense and the Self-Defense Forces, but also to support Africa’s selp-help effort, and consequently to contribute to peace and stability in Africa. In the “Civil-Military Cooperation” course targeted for military and civilian personnel from 16 nations in Africa, Colonel Ishibashi lectured to about 30 attendees (field-grade and companygrade officers, civilians equivalent to the same rank) about the importance of building relationships with the local society in international peace cooperation and international disaster relief activities.

Self-Defense Force aircraft diverted to civilian use.
Move toward commencing on system design.

Participants of the meeting for the diversion experts presenting their professional opinions at the review board for the diversion of Ministry of Defense aircraft to civilian use
Participants of the meeting for the diversion experts presenting their professional opinions at the review board for the diversion of Ministry of Defense aircraft to civilian use

On August 20, a report was issued stating that the diversion of aircraft to civilian use be promoted in the Ministry at the meeting whose members included the experts such as professors who had accumulated discussions on the diversion of aircraft developed by the Ministry of Defense to civilian use.

At the previous meetings, the members had heard from manufacturers of the targeted aircraft for diversion to civilian use, such as US-2 amphibious search and rescue plane, and XC-2 next-generation transportation aircraft over the features of these aircraft, the idea of diversion to passengers transportation or multipurpose amphibian plane, and challenges on the establishment of diversion-related export procedures, and deepened discussions. After these discussions, the public comment procedure on this matter was implemented. At this final meeting, they concluded their discussions and drafted guidelines the payment method to the government from the companies implementing the diversion of the aircraft to civilian use for technical document usage and on the disclosure and usage procedure of technical documents which the MOD possesses in order to draw up and embody the system plan for diversion of the technology to civilian use.

These aircraft developed by the Ministry of Defense were purchased by the Ministry of Defense only, so the manufactures were affected by the decrease of purchasing number of aircrafts by the Ministry, arising from difficult financial conditions and other factors. The diversion to civilian use will enable manufactures to secure markets other than the Ministry of Defense, and reduce their dependence on the Ministry.

To the Ministry of Defense, the development, production, and sales of aircraft diverted to civilian use can contribute to the preservation and /enhancement of defense production and technological infrastructure in Japan. The advantages such as reductions in the procurement costs of aircraft due to mass production, use of maintenance facilities for aircraft diverted to civilian use, and so on can also be expected.

From now on, the Ministry of Defense would move forward to embody the system design for the diversion, covering issues such as payments from the companies to the government, and technical documents usage in relation to development of diverted aircraft. The relevant Ministries and agencies would work together as a whole to promote and realize the diversion of the aircraft to civilian use.

Introduction of the Defense White Paper

Defense of Japan (Annual White Paper)
Defense of Japan (Annual White Paper)

On September 10, Defense Minister Kitazawa submitted the Japan’s 2010 defense white paper to the cabinet meeting, The Part I of the white paper describes “Security Environment Surrounding Japan,” in Part II, “The Basics of Japan’s Defense Policy and Build-up of Defense Capability,” and “Measures for the Defense of Japan” is described in Part III.

Part I describes recent issues in the international community, including the transfer and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, international terrorism, and regional conflicts, placing the focus on cyber warfare. The situation in each country is mentioned in this section.

Regarding North Korea, Part I describes the situation relating to the development of ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons, and covers the facts the sinking of an ROK naval patrol vessel. On China, this part describes its increase of defense budget, and activities in waters close to Japan. The white paper mentioned that “The lack of transparency of its national defense policies, and the military activities are a matter of concern for the region and the international community, including Japan, which are to be carefully analyzed.”

While the National Defense Program Guidelines which will be reviewed in this year, Part II describes, a report of Council on Security and Defense Capabilities in the New Era released in August. This part also covers the budget for FY2010 and overview of primary defense capabilities (including current situation of Self-Defense Forces deployment on the Nansei Islands, southwest region in Japan), and the changes of defense-related expenses and comparison with other countries.

Part III describes the 50th anniversary of the revision of the Japan.U.S. Security Treaty and the process for deepening the alliance (Japan-U.S. SCC), and explains the situation of the U.S. Forces realignment since last year. In addition, it describes the Self-Defense Forces activities, such as anti-piracy operations off the Coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden, international activities like the PKO in Haiti, and the dispatches of disaster relief team in Japan, and so on.

Part III introduces the defense cooperation and exchanges held between Japan and other countries, and multi-lateral security dialogues such as the Japan.Australia ACSA and the Shangri-la Dialogue. Furthermore, it explains the personnel, defense production and technological infrastructure that support defense capabilities. With regard to the Reform of the Ministry of Defense, this part describes the background, measures implemented, and the status of the review as of now.

Directions from the Minister on the reform of the Ministry of Defense

The main aims of the direction on the reform of the Ministry of Defense are to secure the trust of the people of Japan, and to carry out the duties effectively for the Ministry of Defense and the Self-Defense Forces. With the change in the administration in September 2009, it was decided that the reform of the Ministry of Defense should be done under renewed discussion by the new government.

Based on discussions with experts, Defense Minister Kitazawa issued the directives titled “the centerpiece of deliberation,” indicating the policy for the reform that should be undertaken under the new government on June 3.

The Minister’ s directives have clarified that reform of the Ministry should be reviewed from the perspective of the new administration which is committed by people’ s mandate, and on top of advancing with the viewpoint of promoting effective and efficient defense administration, the concrete direction of the review is outlined in the following four items.

1. Reform of the central organization

  1. 1) In order to ensure the effectiveness of civilian control, it is necessary to establish an assistant system to the Defense Minister, which utilizes the respective expertise of both uniformed and civilian personnel. While the Internal Bureau will serve as the center for consolidating opinions, it will be appropriate to create a framework that allows the Defense Minister to listen to the organizational opinions from the perspectives of each expertise developed among both uniformed and civilian personnel.

    Based on these grounds, new deliberations should be made on the unification of the Internal Bureau and the staff offices within the operational sections and the defense capabilities build-up sections, as well as the merging of civilian personnel and the SDF personnel.

  2. 2) Another focus for deliberation is the Correction of problems arising from the two-dimensional organizational structure of the Internal Bureau and the Staff Offices.
    1. ・In order to avoid the overlap of duties between the Internal Bureau and the Joint Staff in the operational sections, and to speed up decisionmaking processes while ensuring cooperation among civilian officials and the SDF officers, reviews will be carried out on duties alongside simulations for the respective situations.
    2. ・With a view to avoiding inflexible budget allocations and promoting efficiency in the defense capabilities build-up sections, reviews on work duties will be carried out to build up truly effective defense capabilities.

2. Acquisition Reform

  1. ・Ensuring fairness and transparency in contracts
  2. ・Reform of maintenance of equipment
  3. ・Securing the defense industry and technological infrastructure

3. Securing and Fostering of Human Resources

  1. ・Securing outstanding personnel
  2. ・Developing ethical minds and the personnel with discipline
  3. ・Efforts for establishment of a nursing faculty four-year program

4. Steps which have been taken to prevent the recurrence of misconduct incidents should be continued

  1. ・Steps which have been taken to prevent the recurrence of misconduct incidents should be continued
  2. ・Review of further measures to be required, based on recent misconduct incidents (such as inappropriate remarks made by officers of the Ground Self-Defense Force and the Air Self-Defense Force contractrigging bribery case)