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NO.13
 
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SPECIAL FEATURE

NIDS International Symposium on Security Affairs 2008

NIDS International Symposium on Security Affairs 2008

Comprehensive peace-building efforts are now being made by the international community to prevent the recurrence of armed conflict and lay the foundation for sustainable peace. This is a process requiring not only such efforts as reforms in the political system, revitalization of the economic system, and promotion of social reconciliation but also the maintenance of post-conflict public order.
    There are some examples, including Iraq and Afghanistan, where stabilization efforts following large-scale combat have become drawn out despite ongoing peace-building efforts. Military forces are now involved in nation-building in the new domain of providing humanitarian assistance and reconstruction.

RUSI Director Michael Clarke
RUSI Director Michael Clarke
On February 3, 2009, the National Institute of Defense Studies, an MOD-affiliated think tank, hosted an international symposium with the participation of Japanese and international experts. The symposium explored new currents in peace-building by addressing "The Role of the Military in Peace-building: A New Approach to Conflict Resolution in the Twenty-first Century." Some 300 people attended the symposium, including the staff of the MOD and other ministries and agencies, researchers from various institutes, and members of the general public.
    Two keynote speeches were made; Michael Clarke, director of the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI) in the United Kingdom, provided a British view of the military's involvement in peace-building activities, while Hans Binnendijk, vice-president for research at the National Defense University in the United States, spoke on "Civilian Surge." Discussions followed on the military's role in peace-building and the SDF's engagement in international peace cooperation activities.

National Defense University Vice-President Hans Binnendijk
National Defense University Vice-President Hans Binnendijk
The following three points were raised in the discussions.
    The first was cooperation between the military and civilians in peace-building. While the military has a comparative advantage in its deployability and organizational strength, civilian organizations can foster long-term cooperation with local communities. In achieving a complementary relationship between these two, the question remains as to how to fill the civilian-military gap in the field. Another question is which actor should take the initiative.
    The second was the issue of burden-sharing in a prolonged effort for reconstruction. The dilemma is that international cooperation becomes destabilized as reconstruction efforts drag on. The traditional approach has been to ask each nation to contribute based upon its "national strength and situation." However, the current debate is focused on how to reduce "national caveats" to ensure more coordinated efforts for the long run.

Professor Yoshizaki of the NIDS wrapping up the symposium
Professor Yoshizaki of the NIDS wrapping up the symposium
    The third point was the issue of capacity building of local governments. The questions are how to help train national armed forces and police under "security sector reform," and how to support "nation building" without sacrificing local initiatives and ownership.
    Professor Tomonori Yoshizaki wrapped up the discussions by pointing out that the civilmilitary gap is an issue that has been widely perceived but never extensively discussed.

Co-Chairs
Tomonori Yoshizaki: Chief, 5th Research Office, NIDS Keishi Ono: Chief, 3rd Research Office, NIDS

Keynote Speakers
Michael Clarke, Director, Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI), UK Hans Binnendijk, Vice President for Research, National Defense University, USA

Session One: "Peace Operations at the Crossroad"
Presentations
Jonathan Eyal, Director, International Security Studies, RUSI, UK James Cotton, Professor, University of New South Wales, Australian Defense Force Academy Noboru Yamaguchi, Former Commandant, Ground Research & Development Command, JGSDF
Commentary
Sukehiro Hasegawa, Former UN Special Representative for East Timor; Professor, Hosei University Yoshio Katayama, Chief, 2nd Research Office, NIDS

Session Two: "Stabilization Operation and Alliance Management"
Presentations
Peter Schmidt, German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP), Germany
Etienne de Durand: Institut Francais des Relations Internationales (IFRI). France
Tomonori Yoshizaki: Chief, 5th Research Office, NIDS
Commentary
Yuji Uesugi: Associate Professor, Hiroshima University

Session Three: "The Military's Role in Peace-building"
Commentary
Hideaki Shinoda, Associate Professor, Hiroshima University