JDF JapanDefenseFocus No.106 Dec. 2018

SPECIAL FEATURE SPECIAL FEATURE

Minister of Defense Succession Ceremony

Minister of Defense Succession Ceremony

On October 2nd, the Reshuffled Fourth Abe Cabinet was assembled and Takeshi Iwaya, a member of the House of Representatives, was appointed as the 19th Minister of Defense (MOD).

Minister of Defense Succession Ceremony

On October 3rd, the new Minister of Defense Iwaya arrived at the MOD where he received an honor guard and gave instructions to the staffs during the inauguration ceremony. During the instructions, Minister Iwaya expressed his enthusiasm saying, “I am deeply honored and determined to assume solemn responsibility of taking up this noble and fundamental mission of the defense of Japan together with the 250,000 members of the Japan Self-Defense Forces (JSDF). Under the current severe environment, I am determined to make utmost efforts to fulfill my duties with all of you to protect the lives and peaceful livelihoods of the people of Japan, live up to the expectations of the international community, and contribute to world peace under the Constitution of Japan.” After the instruction, the new and former Ministers of Defense met for the succession of duties.

About

Date of birth: 24 August 1957
Constituency: Oita 3rd District
Domicile: Oita Prefecture

Political Career

Apr 1987
Member of Oita Prefectural Assembly
Feb 1990
Elected as a member of the House of Representatives (HR)
Jun 2000
Elected as a member of HR (second term)
Jan 2001
Parliamentary Secretary for Defense, Japan Defense Agency
Feb 2002
Member of the Japanese National Commission for UNESCO
Nov 2003
Elected as a member of HR (third term)
Sep 2005
Elected as a member of HR (fourth term)
Sep 2006
Senior Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs
Sep 2008
Chairman, Committee on Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, HR
Aug 2009
Elected as a member of HR (fifth term)
Dec 2012
Elected as a member of HR (sixth term)
Dec 2014
Elected as a member of HR (seventh term)
Oct 2017
Elected as a member of HR (eighth term)
Oct 2018
Minister of Defense

FY2018 Troop Review for the Anniversary of the Establishment of the JSDF

FY2018 Troop Review for the Anniversary of the Establishment of the JSDF

FY2018 Troop Review for the Anniversary of the Establishment of the JSDF was held on October 14th at the Asaka Training Area of the JGSDF (Japan Ground Self-Defense Force).

FY2018 Troop Review for the Anniversary of the Establishment of the JSDF

Approx. 4,000 members of the JSDF, approx. 260 vehicles, and approx. 40 aircrafts took part, parading and conducting flyovers for the audience. It was a great opportunity for the JSDF to show the bravery of its personnel and immediate ground self-defense response capabilities.

This marked the first parade since the organization of the Ground Component Command in March. The event was also joined by the Amphibious Rapid Deployment Brigade and the Rapid Deployment Regiment. F-35A and C-2 aircraft from the JASDF (Japan Air Self-Defense Force), a P-1 from the JMSDF (Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force), a marching band from the U.S. Army, and the AAV7 and MV-22 from the U.S. Marine Corps also took part and demonstrated the activities undertaken by the JGSDF for the Dynamic Joint Defense Force.

FY2018 Troop Review for the Anniversary of the Establishment of the JSDF
FY2018 Troop Review for the Anniversary of the Establishment of the JSDF
FY2018 Troop Review for the Anniversary of the Establishment of the JSDF

5th ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting Plus

5th ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting Plus
5th ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting Plus

From October 19th to 20th, Minister of Defense Iwaya attended the 5th ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting-Plus (ADMM-Plus) and the 4th ASEAN-Japan Defence Ministers’ Informal Meeting, and held meetings with some defense ministers of the countries represented at the ADMM-Plus.

1 The 5th ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting-Plus

  1. On October 20th, the 5th ADMM-Plus was held with the Minister-level participants from the ten ASEAN Member States and eight Plus-countries. At the meeting, the outcomes of the ASEAN Defence Senior Officials’ Meeting-Plus (ADSOM-Plus) held in July and the decisions made at the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting (ADMM) held on 19th were reported, and the Minister-level participants exchanged their views on security issues in the region.
    The meeting also adopted two joint statements on Confidence-Building Measures and Counter-Terrorism.
  2. In his speech, Minister Iwaya stated that enhancing centrality and unity of ASEAN which is situated in the center of the Indo-Pacific region is important for maintaining and enhancing the “free and open Indo-Pacific,“ and stressed that the MOD and JSDF continue committing ourselves actively in defense cooperation through the ADMM-Plus as well as putting efforts into a series of bilateral defense cooperation initiatives with respective ASEAN member states for the peace and stability in the region.
  3. Also, in the field of confidence-building, he stated that Japan is strongly determined to oppose any attempt to unilaterally change the status-quo by coercion and disvaluing the rule of law in the Indo-Pacific region, and underscored the significance of ensuring the rule of law. In addition, he highly evaluated the efforts for confidence-building in the air domain, which bore fruits as the Guidelines for Air Military Encounters, or the ‘Air Guidelines,’ in the ADMM, and welcomed such positive efforts taken under the leadership of Singapore that contribute to confidence-building under the frameworks of the ADMM and ADMM-Plus, adding that fulfilling and developing the rule of law lead to confidence-building in the region.
  4. As to the field of counter-terrorism, he stated that since the major part of the network of terrorism crosses national border, the international cooperation has become increasingly important, and that, from this aspect, Japan supports the “Our Eyes Initiative,” the efforts taken by ASEAN member states towards information sharing regarding counter-terrorism. He also expressed the MOD/JSDF’s willingness to give our best efforts for defense cooperation in the field of CBRN as well, making use of MOD/JSDF’s experiences and expertise in countering chemical terrorism, given that the means of terrorism being diversified is one of its trend in the modern world.

2 The 4th ASEAN-Japan Defence Ministers’Informal Meeting

  1. The 4th ASEAN-Japan Defence Ministers’ Informal Meeting was held on October 20th.
  2. At the beginning of the meeting, Minister Iwaya was introduced by Dr, Ng, Defence Minister of Singapore, the host of the meeting. Minister Ng opened the meeting by saying that at the meeting, the current status and the future development of the "Vientiane Vision," which is the guideline for Japan-ASEAN defense cooperation announced by Japan two years ago, would be discussed while touching upon the long history of over forty-five years of cooperation between Japan and ASEAN.
  3. Minister Iwaya pointed out that the Indo-Pacific region is facing diversified and complex security challenges and it is necessary for us to work in concert to deal with the challenges promptly and effectively. He also shared his recognition that promoting defense cooperation between Japan and ASEAN that is even more practical has become increasingly important, maintaining its momentum under the ‘Vientiane Vision.’
  4. As one of the concrete proposals, he stated that Japan is going to promote confidence-building among air services of Japan and ASEAN as well as sharing the values for ensuring the rule of law by inviting Air Force officers from all ASEAN Member States to the Japan-ASEAN “Professional Airmanship Program” which is to be held in Japan.
  5. Ministers of ASEAN Member States expressed their expectation towards promoting even more practical Japan-ASEAN defense cooperation in future as well as welcomed the progress in Japan-ASEAN defense cooperation in various ways since the ‘Vientiane Vision’ was announced, such as Japan-ASEAN Ship Rider Cooperation Program, Invitation Program on humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HA/DR) and Opinion Leader Invitation Program.

3 Bilateral and Trilateral Talks (excerpt)

Minister Iwaya held a trilateral meeting and bilateral meetings as follows:

Japan-U.S.-Republic of Korea (ROK) Defense Ministerial Meeting

The three Ministers reaffirmed that they will continue to maintain defense cooperation in support of ongoing diplomatic efforts, and noted the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) commitment to complete denuclearization.

The three Ministers also discussed other regional security issues, including the importance of maritime security and the maintenance of a rules-based order.

Japan-U.S.-Republic of Korea (ROK) Defense Ministerial Meeting

They also noted that multilateral security cooperation led by the three countries plays an important role in maintaining peace and stability in the region.

The U.S. reaffirmed its ironclad security commitments to Japan and the ROK, and the Ministers pledged to continue to work closely together for peace and stability in the region and around the world.

Japan-U.S. Defense Ministerial Meeting (Secretary of Defense Mattis)

The Ministers shared the understandings about the importance of the free and open Indo-Pacific, and confirmed the significance of cooperation between Japan and the U.S. and with various partners.

The Ministers confirmed the importance of working with partner countries to counter illicit ship-to-ship transfers of goods by North Korea, and welcomed the monitoring and surveillance activities taking place since September with the participation of Australia, New Zealand and Canada, and agreed that the two countries conduct the operation in cooperation with like-minded countries.

Japan-U.S. Defense Ministerial Meeting (Secretary of Defense Mattis)

Minister Iwaya explained the current status of the revision of the National Defense Program Guidelines and the formulation of the Mid-Term Defense Program for the next fiscal year, and the Ministers concurred to continue to closely exchange information.

The Ministers reconfirmed that the relocation to Henoko-saki is the only solution to avoid the continued use of the Futenma Air Station. The Ministers confirmed to work closely together for the steady implementation of the U.S. forces realignment initiatives.

Japan-China Defense Ministerial Meeting (Minister of National Defense Wei)

Both Ministers welcomed the fact of being able to hold a Japan-China Defense Ministerial Meeting for the first time in approximately three years, in a commemorable year of the 40-year anniversary of the Japan-China Peace and Amity Treaty, and a week prior to Prime Minister Abe’s visit to China.

The two Ministers confirmed that bilateral defense exchanges between Japan and China are on an improving trend, and they both shared the view to take advantage of the Defense Ministerial Meeting as a trigger for a full-fledged improvement of Japan-China defense exchanges.

Japan-China Defense Ministerial Meeting (Minister of National Defense Wei)

Both Ministers shared views that it is important to materialize various defense-exchange initiatives, amid an improving bilateral relationship, and they shared the view that they would like to hold high-level exchanges, policy dialogues, unit-level exchanges and exchanges in the disaster relief area. With regard to the Maritime and Aerial Communication Mechanism between the defense authorities of Japan and China, both sides shared the recognition that it is important that the mechanism is operated in a way to serve for the confidence building between the two defense authorities; the two Ministers shared the view that they would like to rapidly establish the hotline.

The two Ministers also exchanged opinions on North Korea and other regional situations, and they shared the recognition on the importance of the stability of the East China Sea.

Japan-Singapore Defense Ministerial Meeting (Minister of National Defence Ng)

In the opening, Minister Iwaya expressed his respect to Minister Ng for the role he played as a chair of ADMM-Plus this year.

Japan-Singapore Defense Ministerial Meeting (Minister of National Defence Ng)

In addition, Minister Iwaya expressed his appreciation to Singapore for its support given to the JMSDF DDH Kaga’s port call to Changi. Minister Iwaya also stated his willingness to further promote defense cooperation between the two countries through making port calls, which Minister Ng welcomed in response.

With regard to the Japan-ASEAN defense cooperation, Minister Iwaya expressed his willingness to promote practical defense cooperation based on the Vientiane Vision, Japan’s Defense Cooperation Initiative with ASEAN. Minister Ng welcomed that, and stated Singapore would continue such cooperation.

Japan-ROK Defense Ministerial Meeting (Minister of National Defense Jeong)

With regard to the International Fleet Review hosted by the ROK, Minister Iwaya said it was very regrettable for Japan to have had no choice but to cancel the JMSDF’s participation in the review due to the instruction on the flags to fly specified by the ROK side.

Minister Iwaya also stated that he had to say in a strict manner that it was also very regrettable that the ROK raised a flag contradictory to their own instruction, and that the ROK did not demand other participating countries to follow the same policy.

Minister Jeong remarked that although the calling off of JMSDF vessel’s participation in the review was regrettable, he is grateful that JMSDF Chief of Staff participated in the WPNS (Western Pacific Naval Symposium) to create an opportunity for the Japan-ROK service-to-service cooperation to advance in a future-oriented manner.

Japan-ROK Defense Ministerial Meeting (Minister of National Defense Jeong)

The two Ministers exchanged opinions on the situation in North Korea. Minister Iwaya stated that he would like to cooperate with the international community including the Japan-ROK-U.S. cooperation in accordance with the UN Security Council resolutions, in order to extract more concrete actions from North Korea.

The two Ministers exchanged opinions on the Japan-ROK defense cooperation and exchanges, and agreed that the two defense authorities would communicate more closely.

8th Japan-Australia Foreign and Defense Ministerial Consultations and Japan-Australia Defense Ministerial Meeting

8th Japan-Australia Foreign and Defense Ministerial Consultations and Japan-Australia Defense Ministerial Meeting

On October 10th in Sydney, Minister of Foreign Affairs Kono and Minister Iwaya met with Senator the Hon. Payne, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Australia, and Hon. Pyne, Minister for Defence of Australia, for the 8th Japan-Australia Foreign and Defence Ministerial Consultations ("2+2").

1 General Outline

The ministers shared the view that, amid the various issues facing the Indo-Pacific region, it is becoming ever more important to strengthen cooperation between Japan and Australia, "Special Strategic Partners" that share fundamental values and strategic interests. The ministers confirmed their commitment to further deepening the security and defense cooperation between Japan and Australia, two countries with the will and capability to contribute proactively to the stability and prosperity of the region.

2 Japan-Australia Security and Defense Cooperation

The ministers shared the view that they would further strengthen and realize the cooperation between the two countries’ defense authorities, including in the areas of training, capacity building and defense equipment and technology.

The ministers shared the view that the Reciprocal Access Agreement, which will reciprocally improve administrative, policy, and legal procedures to facilitate joint operations and exercises between Japan and Australia, is a vital agreement that further promotes the two countries’ security and defense cooperation. They welcomed the progress in the negotiations and affirmed their commitment to conclude the negotiations as early as feasible.

3 Indo-Pacific
  1. The ministers confirmed that Japan and Australia would deepen cooperation in various areas, including maritime security in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Island Countries and enhancing connectivity in this region, in order to maintain and strengthen a free and open Indo-Pacific region based on the rule of law.
  2. The ministers confirmed that they would further enhance Japan-Australia-U.S. cooperation in light of the importance of the roles played by Japan-U.S. and Australia-U.S. alliances in the Indo-Pacific region. The ministers shared the view that they would strengthen cooperation among Japan, Australia, the U.S., and India.

Japan-Australia Defense Ministerial Meeting

Japan-Australia Defense Ministerial Meeting

On the same day, Minister Iwaya held a Japan-Australia Defense Ministerial Meeting with Minister Payne.

1 Introduction

Both ministers conveyed their congratulations for each other’s appointment and welcomed this defense ministerial meeting.

Both ministers stated their strong intention to further expand and deepen Japan-Australia defense cooperation based on the Special Strategic Partnership between both countries.

2 Regional Situations

Both ministers affirmed the importance of the international community working closely together to ensure the effectiveness of UN Security Council resolutions for North Korea’s complete, verifiable, and irreversible dismantlement of all its weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles of all ranges. Also, Minister Iwaya welcomed Australia’s dispatch of patrol aircraft to counteract North Korea’s illegal ship-to-ship transfers.

Considering the current situation of unilateral attempts to change the status quo, both ministers shared the strong concern over the situation in the East China Sea and South China Sea. In addition, the Ministers discussed the situation in Southeast Asia, South Asia and Pacific Island Countries.

3 Japan-Australia Defense Policies

Minister Iwaya explained Japan’s latest defense policies, including the status of deliberations on the next National Defense Program Guidelines. In response, Minister Payne explained about Australia’s recent initiatives in science and technology and industrial cooperation in the field of defense.

4 Japan-Australia Defense Cooperation

Both ministers agreed to pursue opportunities for practical training to further enhance cooperation and mutual operation capabilities as new initiatives of the countries’ defense authorities to further reinforce Japan-Australia defense cooperation.

Both ministers affirmed that the schedule would be readjusted to implement Bushido Guardian at an appropriate time in 2019 and that they will pursue opportunities to conduct bilateral/multilateral training and exercises in Australia involving the JASDF and Royal Australian Air Force.

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