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COUNTRY SUPPORT

International Peace Cooperation Activities in Nepal

In March 2007 Japan dispatched six arms monitors to the United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN). More than a year has passed since the initial dispatch, and the task is now being carried out by a second team of six personnel.
    As a member of the Asian community, Japan is making an ongoing contribution not only financially but also with human resources in this country, which occupies a place of strategic importance between China and India.

Monitoring the management of arms in Nepal. (UN Photo / UNMIN)
Monitoring the management of arms in Nepal. (UN Photo / UNMIN)
UNMIN’s Mission
In 1996 the Maoist Communist Party of Nepal launched an armed struggle to seize control of government by toppling the royal family, and civil war continued for approximately 10 years. The new government that came to power in 2006 reached agreement with the Maoists to request the assistance of the United Nations in monitoring the management of arms and armed personnel of the Nepalese and Maoist armies. UNMIN was established in January 2007 in response to this request.
 

Japan’s Contributions in Nepal
Japan’s Contributions in Nepal In March 2007 Japan dispatched six members of the Ground Self-Defense Force in response to a request by the United Nations for the dispatch of arms monitors to UNMIN.
    The six personnel are engaged in monitoring the management of arms and armed personnel at seven Maoist camps and barracks for the Nepalese army.
Japan’s Contributions in Nepal     In line with the provisions of the United Nations, the six UNMIN personnel are not carrying any weapons. In the past, SDF personnel had been dispatched as military observers and as staff officers of UN mission headquarters together with SDF contingents. This time, the personnel have been dispatched on an individual basis.
    To ensure that they are able to carry out smooth and efficient operations, Japan, on its own initiative, has dispatched four liaison personnel in addition to the six arms monitors.
 


Members of the second team on duty in Nepal.
Members of the second team on duty in Nepal.
Second Team of Observers
In January 2008 the UN Security Council decided to extend UNMIN’s activities for six months to July 2008, in response to a request from the Nepalese government.
    Based on this, Japan in March 2008 dispatched a second team of six SDF members. After receiving information from UN and other related organizations on the local situation, they have been conducting their activities in various locations in Nepal in place of the initial team members since mid-March.
    The first team of personnel returned home on March 18, 2008, after accomplishing their yearlong mission.
    In July 2008 the UN Security Council decided to further extend UNMIN’s activities for six months to January 2009.

Organizational Structure of UNMIN

Location of Military Monitoring Officers Placed under UNMIN