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DEFENSE POLICY

The Replenishment Support Special Measures Law

The Japanese government enacted the Anti-Terrorism Special Measures Law following the simultaneous terrorist attacks in the United States of September 11, 2001. Based on this law, ships of the Maritime Self-Defense Force (MSDF) were dispatched to the Indian Ocean in November 2001 to conduct refueling of other countries’ships engaged in the Operation Enduring Freedom—Maritime Interdiction Operations (OEFMIO), while the Air Self-Defense Force (ASDF) was engaged in transporting cargo for the U.S. forces in Japan and overseas. When the law expired on November 1, 2007, these activities came to a temporary halt. With the enactment of the Replenishment Support Special Measures Law on January 11, 2008, however, the MSDF operations in the Indian Ocean were resumed.

The International Community and the Fight against Terrorism


Achievements of SDF Activities based on the Anti-Terrorism Special Measures Law from December 2001 to October 2007
Achievement of the MSDF
MSDF conducted replenishment operations for the participating ships in the OEF-MIO.

Achievements of Replenishment to Each Country (times)

Achievements of Replenishment by Fiscal Year

Changes in Amount of Replenishment by Half Year

Achievement of the MSDF
The ASDF units were engaged in domestic air transport among U.S. Forces Japan (USFJ) bases in Japan, and overseas air transport in the direction of Guam from November 2001.
Total of airlifts: 381 times, about 3,400 tons


Comments by Ministers on the Replenishment Support Law
The support ship Oumi departing from Japan
The support ship Oumi departing from Japan
The Replenishment Support Special Measures Law was enacted on January 11, 2008. On that occasion Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda remarked on the need for Japan, on its own initiative, to contribute to the international community by cooperating proactively in the fight against terrorism. The refueling activities are, he said, Japan’s efforts to do the utmost with its capability.
    Meanwhile, Minister of Defense Shigeru Ishiba stated that replenishment support activities by the MSDF should be resumed as quickly as possible and that the Ministry of Defense would engage proactively and on its own initiative in the fight against terrorism, so as to fulfill Japan’s responsibilities in the international community.


Outline of the Replenishment Support Special Measures Law
Purposes: By means of replenishment support for maritime interdiction operations against terrorism, to continue contributing to the international community’s efforts to prevent and eradicate international terrorism and to make a contribution to ensuring peace and security in the international community, including Japan.
    Basic principles: (1) To preclude intimidation by force or the use of force; (2) to undertake activities in the Indian Ocean, in the air over it, and in the ocean’s coastal regions and other areas, which are areas meeting the requirements of so-called noncombat zones; (3) to only engage in activities in foreign countries with their consent
    Activities to be implemented by the SDF: The supply of fuel and water to vessels participating in counter-terrorism maritime interdiction activities to prevent terrorism
    Duration: To expire one year from the day of enactment; however, extension for a period of up to one year is possible.


Vessel Dispatch Order and Departure
The Pakistani crew of the first vessel refueled wave their thanks
The Pakistani crew of the first vessel refueled wave their thanks
On January 17, 2008, the Defense Minister issued an order to the commander of the Self-Defense Fleet of the MSDF to organize a unit for replenishment support activities and to implement these activities.
    In response, the escort ship Murasame departed from Yokosuka on January 24 to the Indian Ocean, and the support ship Oumi departed from Sasebo on January 25. A total of about 340 personnel including more than ten women were dispatched.


Resumption of Refueling under the Replenishment Support Special Measures Law
The first refueling was conducted under the Replenishment Support Special Measures Law on February 21 in the northern Indian Ocean.
Recipient of refueling: Pakistan Vessel refueled: Tippu Sultan frigate
Refueling items: About 160 kiloliters of ship fuel; about 60 tons of fresh water
    On the resumption of the replenishment operations, Japan received comments expressing gratitude and high appreciation from Pakistan, the United States, and other nations.

The first refueling based on the new law
The first refueling based on the new law